Any pregnancy can have complications. There are diseases that can appear during the process. To prevent them, regular visits to the doctor can save the life of the mother and the baby.
The changes in a woman’s body while feeding the life of another human being also expose her to certain common diseases during pregnancy. These problems are usually solved after the baby is born.
Although many women suffer from these common problems during pregnancy, many do not suffer either. Some diseases are more prevalent than others. Some are benign, while others are more complex and can affect the development of the pregnancy and the baby itself.
What are the most common diseases during pregnancy?
Adequate prenatal care is the only thing that will ensure that none of these diseases puts the life of the baby or the mother at risk. It is very important to be aware of the first symptoms, if they appear.
The most common problem during pregnancy is caused by iron deficiency in the blood.
During pregnancy, the woman’s circulation increases as the oxygenated blood is passed on to the baby. Iron binds to red blood cells to carry oxygen. Low iron intake causes tiredness, pallor, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, iron deficiency can affect the baby’s growth.
Doctors usually prescribe iron supplements (orally or intravenously) and take several measurements of iron levels throughout pregnancy. In more serious cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary. Good nutrition is essential to prevent anemia.
An increase in blood flow during the first trimester of pregnancy and progesterone levels can cause gingivitis in pregnant women. This is aggravated when morning sickness makes it difficult to brush teeth properly.
Hormones also change the pH of saliva, which further complicates the situation. Visits to the dentist during the first and third trimesters for cleanings are recommended.
Some natural treatments to prevent gingivitis are also good ideas, such as brushing with baking soda and applying honey and borax on the gums to protect oral health. If a woman manages to maintain oral hygiene during pregnancy, gingivitis should disappear after delivery.
Urinary tract infections
Hormonal changes and changes in pelvic structure caused by pregnancy compromise the woman’s natural defenses against bacteria that colonize the urethra. This results in urinary tract infections, another common illness during pregnancy.
Some of the most common symptoms include:
urine with a bad odor or cloudy appearance
The feeling that the bladder is not completely empty
Pain in the lower abdomen and back
Presence of blood in the urine
In some cases, a woman will have no symptoms, which is dangerous because it could lead to miscarriage or premature birth. A doctor will usually recommend two urine tests during pregnancy.
There are natural treatments for this condition, but you should always use caution when trying herbal solutions.
If infections are frequent and do not respond to treatment, the doctor will prescribe a urine culture to determine the best options for antibiotics for the mother and baby.
Body and hormonal changes that often lead to urinary tract infections during pregnancy can also lead to vag!nal infections.
The woman may have heavy vag!nal discharge, nauseating and irritating. Another symptom may be pain or a burning sensation during intercourse.
A doctor will usually determine the treatment of these symptoms.
In some cases, a culture will be needed to determine whether the infection is caused by a bacterium, a fungus, a parasite, or a combination of these factors. Vaginal suppositories are generally recommended for treatment to avoid exposure of the baby to medications.
Hormonal changes are also responsible for changing the blood sugar level of women during pregnancy. If there is a genetic predisposition to diabetes, it can appear during pregnancy and disappear after birth.
In addition to hunger, thirst and frequent urination, a pregnant woman will experience considerable weight gain and increasing growth in the baby’s size (fetal macrosomia). There may also be an excess of amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios).
These complications can lead to the baby’s death due to breathing problems after delivery. The future child may also develop diabetes or suffer from obesity. For these reasons, gestational diabetes can not be taken lightly.
A doctor will ask for a blood glucose test and a glucose tolerance curve. If positive results occur, the situation should be controlled by a balanced diet. If diet changes are not enough, the doctor will prescribe daily insulin injections.
An increase in blood pressure during the second half of pregnancy may indicate pre-eclampsia. It is a common but higher-risk disease during pregnancy and the second most common cause of death in pregnant women. Only adequate medical care can avoid the complications associated with it.
A woman with this disease may not have major symptoms. Only regular checks of the blood pressure will detect it.
As the disease progresses, it will have water retention, headaches, ringing in the ears, vision problems, stomach upset and convulsions.
If the blood pressure is equal to or greater than 140/90, a urine test will be ordered to determine the presence of protein. This confirms whether or not it is pre-eclampsia. If this is the case, a doctor will usually encourage the work to avoid endangering the life of the baby and the mother by prolonging the pregnancy.