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10 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) You Need to Know Today

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10 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) You Need to Know Today

10 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Check your body and pay attention to the symptoms. An early diagnosis of sexually transmitted disease (STD) can save your life.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), commonly known as venereal diseases, are usually contracted through sexual contact with an infected person. The organisms responsible for these diseases are transmitted from one person to another through blood, sperm, vaginal secretions and other bodily fluids.

In addition, these diseases can be transmitted by the mother to her child during pregnancy or during delivery. Similarly, they can be transmitted by blood transfusion or by the use of contaminated common needles.


These diseases can be contracted by healthy people who do not know they have been infected. This is because sometimes people can be asymptomatic.

Sexual activity is one of the causes of the spread of many diseases. However, it is possible to contract an illness without having sex. It is true that latex (prophylactic) condoms reduce the risk of contracting and spreading sexually transmitted diseases, but do not completely eliminate it.

Even with the risks involved, many people take no action to protect themselves. In addition to this bad habit, there is a lack of information about most STDs and their dissemination and transmission.

Today, we want to give you more useful information.

STD symptoms

STDs, or venereal diseases, appear with a series of symptoms or signs that can sometimes go unnoticed. Sometimes someone discovers a partner complication or diagnosis.

In general, some symptoms include:

  • sores or lesions of the genitals, rectum or even of the mouth,

  • abnormal flow of the penis,

  • tingling or pain when urinating,

  • vaginal bleeding,

  • Pain during sex,

  • Unusual, smelly and yellowish vaginal discharge,

  • rash on the feet, hands and torso,

  • Abdominal pain,

  • Throat pain due to swollen lymph nodes,

  • tingling, irritation, inflammation and pain in the penis, vagina, anus and vulva,

  • pain and irritation of the genitals,

  • Genital warts,

  • Pubic lice, aka crabs or pubic lice (parasites),

  • Fever

  • Body pain,

  • imperfections or rashes on or around the genitals,

  • inflammation of the liver (hepatitis A, B, C, D),

  • Bleeding between the periods or during sex,

  • lower abdominal pain,

  • Irritated urethra (tube from which urine comes out).

Many of these symptoms can come from other diseases that are not sexually transmitted. That’s why it’s important to get tested to find out what’s causing your symptoms. It is important to emphasize that these symptoms may appear a few days or years after contracting an illness, depending on your body.

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When to consult a doctor

  1. If you have any signs or symptoms of STDs.

  2. If you are a sexually active person and you think you have been exposed to an STD.

Causes of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

STDs can be caused by different types of microorganisms, such as:

  • parasites of trichomoniasis: lice, scabies;

  • Bacteria: gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis;

  • Viruses: genital herpes, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B and C

When STDs are caused by parasites and bacteria, they can be treated with antibiotics. However, there is no cure for those who are caused by a virus.

Any sexually active person can contract a sexually transmitted disease. However, some factors increase the risks for a person, such as:

  • unprotected sex; unprotected vaginal or anal penetration with an infected person,

  • misuse of condoms or prophylaxis,

  • oral sex with a condom or dental dam,

  • sexual relations with multiple partners,

  • Having an STD in the past increases the chances of contracting another STD,

  • Forced sex or rape,

  • use and abuse of drugs and alcohol; these substances eliminate your inhibitions and can lead to risky activities,

  • Needle sharing increases the chances of getting an STD,

  • Be a teenager. At this age, the cervix is ​​immature and formed by cells that change constantly. This makes a person more vulnerable to STDs.

Did you know that the HIV / AIDS vaccine will soon be tested

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How to reduce your risk of getting an STD

  • Use condoms.

  • Avoid changing your partner frequently.

  • Use condoms or other contraceptive methods appropriately.

  • Get tested before having sex with new partners.

  • Get vaccinated.

  • Avoid alcohol and drugs.

  • Communication. Talk with your partner before engaging in sexual activity.

  • educate children

  • Use condoms for oral sex on a man. Use a dental dam for oral sex on a woman.

The most common sexually transmitted diseases

  1. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the most common bacterial infection.

It is transmitted by vaginal, oral and anal sex. It can also be passed on by sharing sex toys or from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth.

In general, no symptoms appear and it can affect the urethra, rectum, cervical cells and, in some cases, the eyes and throat. In some cases, this can lead to infertility.


  1. Gonorrhea or “the blow”

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. It affects the urethra, cervix, rectum, anus and throat.

This infection can cause serious problems in babies during pregnancy. It can also cause infertility.

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  1. Syphilis

Syphilis is a highly deadly bacterial STD.

It is usually transmitted by vaginal, oral and anal sex. However, it can also spread through shared sex toys, blood transfusions and contact with the wounds of an infected person. It can also be passed from mother to child during childbirth.


  1. Genital herpes

The herpes simplex virus causes genital herpes. It is spread by direct contact with infected skin during oral, vaginal and anal sex. The symptoms may appear years after contracting the virus.

There is no cure, but its symptoms are treatable.



  1. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

The human immunodeficiency virus infects and destroys the cells of the immune system, reducing the body’s ability to protect itself from other infections and diseases. It can be contracted through unprotected anal, vaginal and oral sex or through shared infected needles.

Similarly, a mother can pass it on to her child during delivery or by breastfeeding if the mother is infected. In addition, there is a risk with blood transfusions.

There is no cure for HIV and there is a high risk of developing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).


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  1. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

AIDS is the result of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS attacks the body’s immune system. Generally, it is transmitted by vaginal, oral and anal sex. Many sufferers have no symptoms, while others have symptoms similar to those of the flu.

AIDS is a deadly and incurable STI. However, antivirals can be used to counter the disease and prolong the life of an infected person.


  1. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a very common type of bacteria. Generally, it can be transmitted through sexual activity. It infects the cells of the vagina and urethra.

It mainly affects sexually active young women. It is spread through vaginal sex, sharing sex toys or from mother to child during pregnancy.

Sometimes, the symptoms do not appear.

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  1. Condyloma (HPV)

Condyloma, or genital warts, are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).

It is spread by oral, vaginal and anal sex, as well as skin-to-skin contact of an infected person. Warts appear on the genitals and anus.

Unprocessed, they grow and look like cauliflower. This STD increases the risk of cancer of the cervix.

There is no cure for HPV, but condylomas can be treated with drugs and some can be removed surgically.

  1. Candidiasis (yeast infection)

Yeast infections are caused by a fungus that lodges in a person’s skin, mouth and genitals. It can be kept under control, but sometimes the fungus grows and causes this infection. Often, an infected person will have no symptoms.

Yeast infections can be transmitted through vaginal, anal and oral sex, as well as through shared sex toys.

If you have this STD, it is best to avoid tight clothing made from synthetic fabrics that do not allow air to circulate.

There is a greater risk of having yeast infections during pregnancy or if you have diabetes, HIV, or conditions that affect the immune system.

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  1. Pubic Louse

Pubic lice or pubic lice are small parasites that cling to the skin and feed on blood. They live in the hair, especially pubic hair, although they can also end up in the armpits, facial hair or chest hair. They are greyish yellow and can be easily transmitted during sexual intercourse. However, they can also be divided into towels, bedding and clothes.

Symptoms include skin irritation and inflammation. They can be removed using a special shampoo. In addition, bedding, clothing and towels must be disinfected.

In conclusion, it is essential to get tested, especially if you have had unprotected sex or if you discover that your partner has an STD.

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