Any pregnancy can have complications. There are diseases that can appear during the process. To prevent them, regular visits to the doctor can save the life of the mother and the baby.
The changes in a woman’s body while feeding the life of another human being also expose her to certain common diseases during pregnancy. These problems are usually solved after the baby is born.
Although many women suffer from these common problems during pregnancy, many do not suffer either. Some diseases are more prevalent than others. Some are benign, while others are more complex and can affect the development of the pregnancy and the baby itself.
What are the most common diseases during pregnancy?
Adequate prenatal care is the only thing that will ensure that none of these diseases puts the life of the baby or the mother at risk. It is very important to be aware of the first symptoms, if they appear.
The most common problem during pregnancy is caused by iron deficiency in the blood.
During pregnancy, the woman’s circulation increases as the oxygenated blood is passed on to the baby. Iron binds to red blood cells to carry oxygen. Low iron intake causes tiredness, pallor, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, iron deficiency can affect the baby’s growth.
Doctors usually prescribe iron supplements (orally or intravenously) and take several measurements of iron levels throughout pregnancy. In more serious cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary. Good nutrition is essential to prevent anemia.
An increase in blood flow during the first trimester of pregnancy and progesterone levels can cause gingivitis in pregnant women. This is aggravated when morning sickness makes it difficult to brush teeth properly.
Hormones also change the pH of saliva, which further complicates the situation. Visits to the dentist during the first and third trimesters for cleanings are recommended.
Some natural treatments to prevent gingivitis are also good ideas, such as brushing with baking soda and applying honey and borax on the gums to protect oral health. If a woman manages to maintain oral hygiene during pregnancy, gingivitis should disappear after delivery.
Urinary tract infections
Hormonal changes and changes in pelvic structure caused by pregnancy compromise the woman’s natural defenses against bacteria that colonize the urethra. This results in urinary tract infections, another common illness during pregnancy.
Some of the most common symptoms include:
urine with a bad odor or cloudy appearance
The feeling that the bladder is not completely empty
Pain in the lower abdomen and back
Presence of blood in the urine