During Pregnancy Avoid These Following 30 Foods
During Pregnancy Avoid These Following 30 Foods-It is a good idea to have a good diet during pregnancy. While most foods could be safe to include in your daily menu, there are many that should not be they, Then, let us help you, as we provide a complete list of foods to avoid for the period of nine months pregnancy.
During Pregnancy avoid the following Foods:
Avoiding some foods make sure you are safe and healthy. Below, we give a list of the absolutely must-not-have! Happy Reading
Salad bars and prepared salads
Salads are often prepared with fresh fruits and vegetables; making them one of the best meals you can eat-so you can be sure to avoid salad bars and prepared salads at delis and cafeterias. “There are several questions here,” says Krieger. “Has the temperature been consistently less than 40 degrees?” Has the food been sitting in the food? Salmonella, Listeria, or E. Coli. It’s much safer to prepare your own home after giving the leafy greens a thorough wash.
Under-cooked meat and raw fish
Say goodbye to rare steak and sushi while you’re pregnant. “Bacteria and other pathogens thrive in under-cooked meat and seafood,” Krieger says, so expectant women need to take extra care that they are heated to a high enough temperature. “You will need to cook at least 165 degrees and at least 165 degrees.” If you ‘re a meat lover, grab a food thermometer and use this handy chart as a guide.
“Caffeine is a concern,” says Krieger. Consuming it causes miscarriages, so you can want to cut down on coffee during pregnancy. But here’s good news: you do not need to go cold turkey. Consuming up to 200 mg of caffeine per day is considered to be safe. This is equivalent to one to two cups of coffee. “However, some women feel more sensitive to caffeine during pregnancy,” says Kreiger. If you do choose to indulge, you will need to keep track of other sneaky sources of caffeine, such as chocolate and energy drinks.
Avoid eating raw shellfish such as oysters, clams, and mussels to stay away from seafood-borne illnesses and food poisoning. They contain harmful bacteria, viruses, and toxins that will make you ill.
Solution: You can eat shellfish making sure you cook with their shells open.
Raw or under-cooked eggs:
You should not eat raw, under-cooked, or soft-boiled eggs as they contain harmful salmonella bacteria which causes food poisoning.
You may experience diarrhea, severe vomiting, headache, abdominal pain, and high temperature. All these symptoms are unlikely to harm your baby, but your immune system will become weaker, which may impact the baby’s development.
The following foods should be avoided:
Homemade Caesar dressings, custards, ice creams, mayonnaise and Dutch sauces, Béarnaise sauce, Aioli sauce, desserts including mousse, tiramisu, and meringue.
Solution: Buy pasteurized egg products. You can choose commercially manufactured ice cream, mousse, eggnog, and dressings. Eat cooked eggs that contain firm yolks or a well-cooked omelet, and salads.
Raw meat and poultry:
Having undercooked / raw meat and poultry, such as pink or raw meat that is bloody, can cause toxoplasmosis as it contains Toxoplasma parasite. It leads to flu-like symptoms that develop a few weeks after consumption of that food. It can lead to miscarriage or fetal death during delivery.
Under-cooked meat also contains harmful salmonella bacteria, which increases the risk of food poisoning.
Solution: You must have well-cooked and hot meat and poultry. Eat home-cooked varieties where the temperature should be around 160 ° F for ground meats, 145 ° F for whole cuts, and 165 ° F for chicken breasts.
You should avoid deli meats, also called ready-to-eat meats, such as meat sandwich, cold cuts, lunch meat, hotdogs, and sliced meats. They are known to contain listeria bacteria, which can easily move from the mother to placenta causing serious complications including fetal death.
Solution: Pasteurization and cooking at a high temperature kill listeria. Thus, you should eat until they are steaming hot.
It is unsafe to drink unpasteurized or raw milk during pregnancy. It has no nutritional advantage, and a higher proportion of food borne diseases. They contain harmful bacteria such as salmonella, listeria, E. coli, and cryptosporidium that can be dangerous to you and your baby.
Solution: Buy pasteurized milk and its products only. In pasteurization, the milk is subjected to a high temperature that kills the disease-causing microbes. You can also choose non-dairy milk, such as milk and other foods.
Do not eat soft cheeses such as Camembert, Roquefort, Gorgonzola, brie, feta, blue cheese, queso fresco, queso blanco, and panela unless they are pasteurized. Unpasteurized soft cheeses contain listeria.
Solution: Eat hard cheeses as they do not contain water unlike soft cheeses. Therefore, these cheeses are less likely to harbor any bacteria. All non-imported soft cheeses are safe to consume.
Unwashed fruits and vegetables:
Unwashed fruits and veggies carry Toxoplasma parasite that harms the developing baby. Toxoplasmosis Contaminants the soil where fruits and vegetables are likely to be ingest the harmful microbes if you eat them unwashed.
Solution: Rinse the fruits and vegetables thoroughly under running water. Peel away or scrub the surfaces and cut off the bruised areas as they are prone to bacteria. Cook the vegetables, especially the leafy ones.
Do not eat raw sprouts including clover, alfalfa, mungbean, radish, broccoli, sunflower, onion, soybean, and snowpea sprouts. They are highly prone to listeria, salmonella, and E. coli bacteria. As you know, listeriosis could lead to premature birth, miscarriage, stillbirth, and infections in newborns. Salmonella and E. coli can lead to severe illnesses.
Solution: Consume cooked sprouts.
Certain fruits and vegetables:
The Below Fruits Should Be Avoided During Pregnancy:
Papaya (rich in latex that could lead to uterine contractions)
Black grapes (build heat in the body that is harmful to the baby)
Pineapple (rich in bromelain that could soften the cervix leading to early labor)
The pregnant women should be avoided during pregnancy
Cabbage and lettuce (as they carry foodborne illnesses)
Eggplant (for the sake of stimulating resources)
Foods that cause allergy:
Soy, wheat, cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, more), fish, and shellfish should be consumed if you are not allergic to them. However, a few studies say that taking these foods during early pregnancy can decrease the chances of developing allergies and asthma later in life.
But, you can not be sure about this.
Solution: Do not go back to this claim, it is better to check with your doctor, and it is safe to say, especially when it comes to allergies.
Say no to restaurant-made salads such as Caesar salad dressing, pre-made meats (ham, chicken salads), and seafood salads as they carry harmful microbes. The raw eggs, vegetables, and leaves used in salads harbor salmonella and listeria bacteria, which could lead to food poisoning. Eating contaminated salad can cause flu-like symptoms in the mother and severe health complications in babies.
Solution: Make salads at home by following food safety basics. Make sure to clean and chop fruits and vegetables in clean surroundings, and cook meat, and eggs properly.
Unpasteurized fruit and vegetable juices, including packaged ones, may carry harmful E. coli and salmonella bacteria.Not only that, a glass of freshly made juice may also pose a risk if the fruits or vegetables are not washed well.
Solution: Choose pasteurized juices or make some at home. You must wash the fruits and vegetables thoroughly under the water and use a brush to scrape away the dirt, and cut off any bruised areas.
Higher amounts of caffeine could increase your chances of miscarriage and low birth weight babies.You should limit your intake to 200mg a day. Caffeine is also found in tea, chocolate, and many energy drinks. Some research studies reveal that caffeine is associated with premature birth and symptoms in infants.
Other drinks to be avoided during pregnancy are soft drinks, diet soda, alcohol, and iced tea.
Solution: Opt for decaffeinated beverages, especially in your first trimester as the risk of miscarriage is high.
Herbal teas and supplements:
Herbs used for tea, seasonings, or as supplements. Certain herbs such as ephedra, angelica, kava kava, yohimbe, black and blue cohosh, dong quai, oil borage, pennyroyal, and mugwort are uterine stimulants, which should be completely avoided during pregnancy.
Comfrey, black walnut, sagrada cascara, fenugreek, echinacea, goldenseal, horsetail, licorice root, palmetto saw, senna, motherwort, St.John’s wort, shepherd’s purse, wormwood, tansy, and uva ursi may lead to miscarriage.
Other herbs that are unsafe or aloe, ginseng, and evening primrose. Also, avoid green tea and wheatgrass juice. You should check with your health practitioner before taking too much of the nettles, dandelion, or chamomile teas.
Solution: It is better to have a hot cup of regular chai or tea rather than herbal tea. If you are worried that you are losing out on any benefits of herbal tea, then ask your doctor to prescribe a health tonic or multivitamin.
Canned foods, including fruits, vegetables, and sodas are harmful for two reasons.
The lining of the food cans contains Bisphenol A (BPA), a toxic substance that affects the fetal endocrine activity and causes fertility problems, cancer, liver ailments, and heart diseases in pregnant women and the tinned foods may be too old to eat and harbor harmful bacteria due to their long shelf life.
Canned pasta, soup, and infant formulas contain high BPA levels. Also, they are poisonous for the mother and the fetus.
Solution: Opt for fresh vegetables, fruits, and fish or you can find where BPA is not used. Wash the canned fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consumption. Choose seasonal choices so that you get to eat fresh fruits.
Avoid cured sandwich meats, bacon, deli meats, sausages, salami, and hot dogs as they contain nitrates. Nitrate enhances the food’s color and improves shelf life. But on consumption, the nitrates turn to nitrosamines in the bodies, increasing the chances of cancer in mothers and abnormalities in the fetus. Nitrate-rich foods also contain sodium and saturated fats that may be badduring pregnancy.
Solution: Eat well-cooked and lean cuts of your favorite meals to be healthy and safer side.
Cut down on sugar-rich foods such as desserts, candies, cakes, ice creams, cookies, chocolates, and sweetened beverages. They make discomforts (nausea, vomiting, constipation, heartburn), increase weight, contribute to gestational diabetes, increase the risk of preterm labor, preeclampsia, and increase the risk of metabolic syndrome.
Solution: Choose healthier sugar food options such as pears, grapefruit, dates, and apricots. They are sweeter and healthier choices.
You can be sweet, sour, and spicy treats. They can increase the risk of infections, stomach problems, and food poisoning. They are harmful because of the poor food and water hygiene standards. Some examples of street foods include hot dogs, burritos, churros, cotton candy, soft pretzels, simit breas, corn in a cup, chicken rice.
Solution: If you like street food, find them at home! It will be fun.
Avoid frozen trans-fats or hydrogenated fats including fast foods, processed foods, and takeaways such as crackers, cookies, frozen pizza, fried foods, margarine, and frosting. Also, the American Heart Association recommends limiting the incidence of heart disease to more than 1% of your total calorie intake to avoid the risk of heart disease, obesity, increased fetal growth, and preterm labor.
Solution: Discuss fat-free options with your doctor for proper advice and recommendations. Foods containing omega 3, 6, 9 fatty acids are vital for you and your growing fetus. They are abundant in olives, nuts, avocados, flax seeds, and fish. However, do not binge on them.
The safety of artificial sweeteners, including aspartame and saccharin, are controversial as they are safe. You should avoid aspartame if you have a phenylketonuria genetic disorder (PKU). Your body can not digest phenylalanine (a compound found in aspartame), which can, therefore, lead to birt defects. Saccharin is known to remain in the fetal tissue and shows no evidence of risks
Solution: Use natural sugars but in moderation. Check with your doctor about the safety of artificial sweeteners.
Excess of vitamins:
You will have to increase the intake of certain nutrients (such as folic acid, iron, and calcium) during pregnancy. But be careful about the recommended dosages Avoid taking extra doses of both fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins.
Excess fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in your body fat and liver, leading to harmful effects on the mother and the fetus. Likewise, water-soluble vitamins taken in excess can show irritating effects on the digestive system.
Solution: Have more natural sources of vitamins rather than supplements.
Do not eat homemade cookies as the raw dough used for cooking may harbor bacteria, leading to food poisoning. This is true even in case of homemade ice-creams.
Solution: If you just can not keep your hands off the baked treats, go for the treats from reputed brands.
Avoid licorice (mulethi) during pregnancy as one of its components, glycyrrhizin, is associated with several fetal developmental issues. The odd component of the placenta allowing the stress hormone to enter the baby, affecting its IQ. Research shows that ADHD issues in children and early puberty in girls are also side-effects of licorice. It also leads to higher blood pressure and preterm labor.
Solution: It’s best to avoid licorice in all its forms during pregnancy.
Stay off from hot or cold foods that have been at room temperature for more than two hours. They are likely to harbor bacteria.
Solution: Eat freshly cooked foods. If required, store the leftover in the fridge and reheat thoroughly (up to 165 ° F) in clean utensils.
Disclaimer: View your gynecologist or healthcare provider.
Also, follow a few safety tips to ensure that you have a healthy pregnancy.
Fish containing mercury:
Fish such as shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish have high mercury levels and must be shunned. Mercury, an element found in oceans, streams, and lakes, converts into methylmercury in the human body. It is a neurotoxin and is linked to brain damage and developmental delays in babies. You could choose fish such as salmon, catfish, cod, and canned light tuna, which have low mercury levels. According to the US FDA, you can eat up to eight to 12 ounces of fish per week, which is two to three servings. Consumption of white tuna (yellowfin) should be limited to six ounces per week.
Solution: Choose fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids and low in high protein, low saturated fats and many essential nutrients. You should, however, check with the doctor to know about the fish you can eat.
Do not take smoked and refrigerated seafood, which are labeled as lox, jerky, and Listeria monocytogenes bacteria. This bacteria causes listeriosis (associated with symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting) that could lead to illness in newborn and even miscarriage or stillbirth. Moreover, processed seafood contains high levels of salt which can lead to increased blood pressure and swelling of the body parts (2).
Solution: You can include canned smoked seafood.
Fish exposed to industrial pollutants:
Fish from local streams, lakes, and rivers contain harmful levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). These are the contaminants that can be found in the body, the learning disabilities, and the memory problems. Avoid eating locally caught bass, pike, bluefish, salmon, trout, and walleye.
Solution: You can choose fresh water fishes.
Also, follow a few tips when picking fish from a local stream, lake, or river. Firstly, check the advisories related to that water body. You can get information from the fishing regulations websites or at a local health department. This information would be available at local groceries. Avoid raw fish Avoid raw fish as it is more likely to contract food borne diseases.
Pregnancy And Food Safety Tips:
You will have a suppressed immune system during pregnancy. This will, therefore, be both the mother-to-be and the baby at risk of contracting bacteria, viruses, and parasites causing food borne illnesses.
As mentioned above, these maternal food borne illnesses such as listeriosis, toxoplasma gondii, can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature labor, and several health issues in newborns. Therefore, be careful in choosing and preparing foods to minimize the risks.
Separate raw meats, fruits, and vegetables from ready-to-eat or pre-cooked foods.
Wash your hands, chopping boards, and knives.
Clean your refrigerator and keep it at an ideal temperature.
Cook all meat, poultry, eggs, and fish thoroughly.
Reheat pre-cooked foods and meats (to 165 ° F) before eating.
What Can You Eat During Pregnancy?
Now that you know what we eat, let us see what you should eat during pregnancy. They supply essential nutrients required for the growth and development of the fetus.
Fresh fruits and vegetables – apples, berries, oranges, melons, strawberries, broccoli, cabbage, sweet potatoes, kale, spinach, and Swiss chard:
Dairy foods – pasteurized milk and yogurt, cooked soft blue cheese (gorgonzola)
Cereals and whole grains – rice, wheat, oatmeal, and bread
Thoroughly cooked eggs
Chicken and meat – chicken breasts, lean meat, and fat-free red meat
Dried beans and lentils – black beans, pinto beans, and chick peas
Be selective and cautious about what you eat when you are carrying. Remember that your food is your baby’s health. You can make food and drink at home. So indulge in some cooking too.